Classroom management refers to the skills and techniques that teacher uses to keep students organized, in order, focused, attentive, productive during a class. Good classroom management is not just keeping students into their seats, or keeping the class quiet and obedient but it also includes building strong relationships with students, encouraging them to take part in classroom discussions on their own free will without force, sharing and caring, following rules and guidelines without opposing, behaving well with understanding and not by any force. Classroom Management Strategies helps in building a classroom culture that is equally good for both students and teachers.
Hereunder are 11 research-based Classroom Management Strategies for developing a better classroom culture, environment, and disciplined generation.
1. Understanding all kinds of students
Designing lessons and the curriculum while taking into consideration a wide range of learners. Addressing and creating teaching strategies for all kinds of learners like auditory learners, visual learners, and kinesthetic learners is the most important strategy while planning teaching sessions. Engaging all kinds of students and making sure each and every student is attending classes, listening to the teacher, participating in sessions and discussions, submitting assignments and homework on time, following what the teacher asks for, getting less distracted, and paying more attention to learning are all the actions.
2. Planning and preparing the sessions before time
Planning or scheduling the sessions or the topics to be taught before time makes it easier to execute it during the class and thus making it a daily routine makes the class routine and scheduling more flexible and properly. Using a planner helps in maintaining the functions of a class smoothly. Planners allow scheduling tasks, allow the completion of all the tasks scheduled for the students without any delay.
3. Demonstrating Ideal Behavior
Demonstrating Ideal Behavior in a repetitive mode can ensure that that action would retain in student’s long-term memory. An ideal model of behavioral rules should be demonstrated in the class, by holding a mock conversation with the monitor, or the entire class altogether, rewarding appropriate behavior and actions, and punishing inappropriate and obsolete behavior of the students. The ideal Behavior model can include a few key points like:
- Using polite language for conversations with teachers, fellow classmates, cleaning staff or any person present at the school campus and also at home.
- Respecting each and student’s ideas and decisions.
- No misbehaviors and disrespecting the fellow classmate.
4. Setting effective limits
Students should be provided with an expectation list or their effective limits, in order to fulfill their day-to-day chores and duties according to the set rules and best behavior. A teacher or a parent should inform the student or the child about what is being expected from them before beginning each day. This can be done by keeping tabs or making plans, checklists, or scheduling on mobile devices. Along with rewards a student should also be punished for not behaving as they are expected to behave.
5. Engaging with students
Engaging all kinds of students and making sure each and every student is attending classes, listening to the teacher, participating in sessions and discussions, submitting assignments and homework on time, following what the teacher asks for, getting less distracted, and paying more attention to learning are all the actions. Instead of creating boundaries or pointing out negative behavior of the students, a teacher should form a personal bond, or be close enough to the child so that the child feels secure and discusses problems freely.
6. Setting rules and Regulations
Classroom rules and regulations allow the students to know about the dos and don’ts of classroom etiquette. Rules and regulations should be set at the beginning of the academic year or a new semester. If the students are aware of the rules beforehand, then it becomes easy for the teachers to manage the class. Rules scare or reduce the interest of students, thus the rules should be taught interestingly or more practically rather than just forcing them on the students.
7. Notes of Praises
Notes of praises allow the students to feel motivated, inspire the students to work harder, encourage positive behavior, raise their self-esteem, and much more. Notes of praises can be provided in the forms of :
- Publish it on the bulletin board of the school corridor under various categories.
- Various categories of praises should be included so that maximum students are a part of achieveing them.
- Note in the year book can also be sent home to the parents.
- Praises can be announced in the class assembly before the beginning of the day.
- Badges or tokens of appreciation can be pinned on the uniform of the students.
8. On-the-spot Corrections
On-the-spot Corrections during the class should be done so that the student is aware of the misbehavior and feels the guilt of disturbing the classroom discipline. The main motive is not the guilt but to acknowledge the student about their respective improper behavior during the class.
9. Verbal Cues
Verbal cues like addressing the student’s mistake, taking notes of the improper behavior, or addressing the student with an on-the-spot correction about the mistake are all a part of verbal cues from the teacher to students.
10. Non-Verbal Cues
Non-verbal cues include hand gestures denying the wrong action, eye contact, ringing a warning sign, turning the lights on and off, setting a warning sign with hand movements and many more are kinds of non-verbal cues for correcting the wrong behavior of the students during the class.
11. Allow students to establish guidelines rules, regulations, and punishments
Allowing students to establish guidelines rules, regulations, and punishments on their own acknowledges them with their mistakes immediately and they are also aware of receiving punishments because that is their own decision. Students become aware of proper and improper behavior on their own. Classroom rules and regulations allow the students to know about the dos and don’ts of classroom etiquette. Rules and regulations should be set at the beginning of the academic year or a new semester by the students themselves. If the students are aware of the rules beforehand and that too by the students themselves, then it becomes easy for the teachers to manage the class.