6 ways to help the Students with ODD(Oppositional Defiant Disorder)

Let us understand what is ODD and how it can affect a child’s behavior. In much simpler terms ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder) is a behavior disorder where a child displays a pattern of displeased, angry, vexed, or cranky moods and immediate changes in the mood patterns by slight changes. Students or children with ODD often show combative behavior towards the people in authority or people who are constantly opposing or giving orders. These kids have no control over their behavior or in general public behavior, which also disrupts their daily routine life like school activities, home chores, or day-to-day tasks. Everyone has a cranky mood sometimes but it does not affect their social behavior, but with students having ODD, it is different. Children with ODD have severe mood changes, a distrust towards authoritative guidance, and anger management issues.

Symptoms and causes of ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder):

Symptoms of ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder):

  • Loss of temper on a frequent basis.
  • Extreme termper outbursts.
  • Easily annoyed and irritated by others and also displaying the same behavioral pattern of annoyance and irritability towards others.
  • Disobedience
  • Negativity
  • Cranky mood swings.
  • Arguments and disagreement with the authoritative people.
  • Blaming others for mistakes made by their own self.
  • Often spiteful(malistic, unfriendly,ill, or unkind behavior) and vindictive (showing a strong and unreasoning desire for revenge for petty things)
  • Often showing a strong and unreasoning desire for revenge for petty or trivial things or happenings.
  • Very odd behaviorial reaction to general happenings, which are uncommon to others.

Causes of ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder):

In general, there are no clear causes of ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder). But according to studies done by medical experts, contributing causes towards ODD can be a combination of factors :

  • Genetic or Neurobiological factors :
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A child can have an inherited ODD while childbirth or due to a few Neurobiological differences in brain development.

  • Environmental factors :

Environmental factors like a traumatic childhood, lacking or wrong parenting, lack of supervision or proper guidance, lack of punishments, abusive parenting, and much more are some contributing factors for ODD.

Now, let us move to the discussion for ways to help the Students with ODD(Oppositional Defiant Disorder). Hereunder are 6 ways to help Students with ODD(Oppositional Defiant Disorder) :

1. Offering Positive Reinforcement

Positive Reinforcement is always an important behavioral tactic while dealing with all kids or students or even adults, but this behavioral tactic is the most important aspect for the kids or students with ODD. Instead of picking up on negative points like the child’s argument, anger, or any kind of negative behavior, a child’s or a student’s positive point should be appreciated first and then a teacher or a parent should point out the negative ones. Pointing out something positive and appreciating the child or the student with ODD helps them in boosting their confidence, positive energy, and overall behavior. A student or a child with ODD should be rewarded while on good behavior, that way the child feels noticed and appreciated.

2. Building Personal Connections

This point is most importantly valid for friends and teachers of the child or the student with ODD. Kids with ODD require or look forward to personal connections and bonds in order to trust someone, share problems, be open to talking or even be approachable. Instead of creating boundaries or pointing out negative behavior of the student with ODD, a teacher should form a personal bond, or be close enough to the child so that the child feels secure and discusses problems freely. Students with ODD require a little more attention than others, as they feel noticed and peaceful.

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3. Setting up Expectations

Students and children with ODD require an expectation list, in order to fulfill their day-to-day chores. A teacher or a parent should inform the student or the child about what is being expected from them before beginning each day. This can be done by keeping tabs or making plans, checklists, or scheduling on mobile devices. Along with rewards a child or student with ODD should also be punished for not behaving as they are expected to behave.

4. Giving possible Choices

Providing choices to children and students with ODD leads to an improvement in their behavior and also helps in the neurological development of their brain. Providing choices for clothes, topics of study, food, or anything which is related to day-to-day activity decisions can help the child’s or student’s positive growth.

5. Planning and making Checklists

Planning or scheduling makes it easier to execute chores and tasks at a given time and thus forming a daily routine more flexibly and properly. Using a planner helps the function of working memory. Planners allow scheduling tasks, especially for those who have a slow-building of executive functions or ODD.

Checklists minimize the strain on the brain and make the tasks more achievable. Checklists are especially important for students with executive dysfunction or children and student with ODD. Checklists also make the decision process faster, prioritizing events and chores, and satisfaction of completing the task at the end of the day. Ckecklisting is very important for students and children with ODD, as it allows for better decision-making abilities and also makes the chores more doable without much confusion.

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6. Avoiding arguments or Sarcastic comments or Taunting

Pointing mistakes, making sarcastic jokes or even taunting can disturb a child’s mental health especially when a child or a student is suffering from ODD. Yes! guiding them is very important, and children or students with ODD often need positive guidance from their parents or teacher or any authoritative person, but the guidance should not be in the form of long arguments, sarcastic comments or jokes, or taunting.

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